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The WHOIS domain database is regularly used for various lawful purposes. Network administrators use WHOIS data to identify and fix problems. For instance, WHOIS information can be used to determine the availability of domain names, identify trademark infringement, and keep domain name registrants accountable. WHOIS verification can even be utilized to combat spam or fraud, as administrators can track down registrants who post illegal content or participate in phishing scams. In addition, ICANN’s agreements protects domain registrants by prohibiting the use of WHOIS listings for marketing or spam purposes, including high-volume, automated queries against a specific registrar or registry’s systems (unless such queries are done with the intent to manage domain names).
Since registrants’ contact data can change, registrars, such as GoDaddy,Bigrock and more must provide annual opportunities for domain owners to review and edit their WHOIS domain data. According to ICANN’s rules, refusing to update this information, or providing false data, can lead to the suspension or cancellation of domains.
In addition, ICANN allows Internet users to file complaints if they discover WHOIS data that is incorrect or incomplete. In such instances, registrars must reverify or correct the data in a timely manner. Through such verification protocol, ICANN seeks to maintain the highest possible level of accuracy.